3 min

From the first time a boy gets his testicles hit in the schoolyard, he becomes keenly aware of his nuts. But while men talk about, joke about and learn to carefully protect their testicles, most men don’t know them as well as they should.

Finding your ‘normal’

There are many kinds of problems that can affect your testicles — from swelling of the epididymis (the coiled tube at the back of the testes where sperm are stored and matured) to twisting of the testicles and pea-sized lumps on your scrotum.

And while most lumps found in the scrotum aren’t cancer, it’s important to check your testicles regularly, get to know your ‘normal’, and see the doctor when something doesn’t feel right.

How to check your nuts

A testicular self-examination is quick and easy to do, and it’s worth scheduling a regular check into your calendar or fitness app so you don’t forget.

What about testicular cancer?

Testicular cancer is a condition where abnormal cells develop in the testicle. These cells then grow, divide and multiply, creating a growth, or tumour, which will usually appear as a painless lump.

While testicular cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer in young men, it’s also one of the most treatable cancer types, with survival rates over 95%.

Are you at risk of testicular cancer?

All men should examine their testicles regularly and get any changes checked, but there are some people who are at higher risk.

If you have a family history of testicular cancer, have had previous testicular cancers, been diagnosed with fertility problems, or had a history of undescended testes, you do have a higher chance of developing testicular cancer.

What else can you do?

Don’t put off your testicular self-examination. Why not check them after tonight’s shower? It only takes a few minutes to know your nuts, and it could save your life.


No nut November
Scrotal lump
Swollen testicles
Testicle lump
Testicle size
Testicular health

Did you find this page helpful?

Information provided on this website is not a substitute for medical advice

Call 000 for emergency services

If you or someone you know needs urgent medical attention.

Call MensLine Australia on 1300 78 99 78 for 24/7 support

MensLine Australia is a telephone and online counselling service for men with emotional health and relationship concerns.

Sign up to our newsletter

We release two monthly newsletters – one written for men, family and friends, and another for health practitioners.

Your preferred mailing list

Your name

Your email

Stay up to date


Healthy Male acknowledges the traditional owners of the land. We pay our respects to elders past, present and future. We are committed to providing respectful, inclusive services and work environments where all individuals feel accepted, safe, affirmed and celebrated.


Healthy Male is funded by the Australian Government Department of Health and Aged Care. This website does not host any form of advertisement. Information provided on this website is not a substitute for medical advice.

Trusted information partner of