Guide to genital examinations for male children and adolescents

6 min

Performing a physical examination on male children and adolescents can help detect conditions such as testicular cancer, Klinefelter syndrome, and penile and hormonal abnormalities.

This article covers what you need to know to conduct this clinical assessment with young people. This includes the types of testicular and penile examinations you may need, as well as the relevant signs and medical history to look out for. 

How to approach an examination with children and adolescents

Young people — and their parents — may feel uncomfortable, embarrassed or anxious about a genital examination. 

Do not perform the examination if the child is restrained by a parent. Always wear gloves unless there is a specific reason not to, for example, it’s a neonatal examination or you need to detect a small scrotal mass.

When to perform a genital examination

A genital examination should be part of a standard health check-up with new or existing patients.

What to check for when examining children 

What to check for when examining adolescents 


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